Scientists report that greenhouse gases have reached their peak and are now higher than ever. They have hit record levels in the early 2011, and it is only about to get worse from now on. This was announced by the World Meteorological Organization, along with the United Nations. They have stated that there has been a 30 percent increase in the warming effect on the Earth between the years 1990 and 2011.
In fact, the levels are now measured at 473 parts per million since 2011, and carbon dioxide makes up for 80 percent of the warming effect, followed by other gases like methane and nitrous oxide. These gases contribute to the rapid climate change that is devastating both people and animals alike.
It is well known that these three gases are primarily associated with various human activities such as fossil fuel use, deforestation, and agriculture. On top of that, the greenhouse gases that have been released into the atmosphere since the start of the Industrial Revolution in the 1800 just keep piling up, staying there for extended periods of time. On top of that, extra carbon dioxide is absorbed into the ocean floor and into forests, leading to some serious environmental complications. For one thing, our oceans are now becoming more and more acidic because of the carbon dioxide which is truly disruptive to the ecosystems depending on the water.
That is why scientists and engineers are now trying to rectify the problem. First and foremost, cleaner forms of energy and better methods of agriculture are being employed, to help minimise further emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. We are now trying to find renewable energy sources that will also release less carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
“[The CO2 since the Industrial Revolution will] remain there for centuries, causing our planet to warm further and impacting on all aspects of life on earth. Future emissions will only compound the situation.” says Michel Jarraud, the WMO Secretary-General.
He also states that the greenhouse gases could create serious repercussions on our biospheres and oceans, and that we have a long way to go before we fully understand the full extent of the effects this will have on our climate.
In fact, recent studies already show that the coral reefs off Panama’s pacific coast have already collapsed as a direct result of climate change. The higher temperatures and the acidic oceans cause coral bleaching, and a sudden increase in the populations of worms and other dangerous animals that destroy coral reefs.
Scientists are now trying their best to come up with solutions to the problem of global warming, employing everything from greener emissions to very risky geoengineering programmes.
Scientists also speculate that the current climate change trends could lead to a complete collapse of our way of living by the end of 2100, in which the greenhouse gases are projected to be at twice the normal levels that it has been in the past.